What is Osteoarthritis (Calcification)?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that affects both the cartilage and the bone and soft tissues of the joint. It is included in the group of “rheumatic diseases” and is described as a kind of arthritis (joint inflammation) within this category.
Osteoarthritis can occur in the hip, knee, hand and foot joints, and spine, with the first three being the most common. It causes pain and directly affects the mobility and freedom of the person affected by OA. As a result, it causes not only physiological/physical but also psychological wear. Even the most mundane tasks for the osteoarthritis patient can turn into major obstacles due to the limitations of this pathology. Restriction of physical activity is also linked to other concomitant problems such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes or cardiovascular (cardiovascular) diseases.
Causes of Osteoarthritis : Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage, which acts as a buffer to the ends of the bones in your joints, wears out over time. Intact cartilage is a tough, slippery tissue that allows for virtually frictionless joint movement. With cartilage wear, bone will rub against bone, causing painful joint movement and, over time, complete loss of movement.Osteoarthritis is often referred to as a “wear and tear” disease. However, OA affects all joint structures as well as cartilage degradation. It causes secondary changes in the bone and deterioration of the connective tissues and joint capsule that hold the joint together. If a synovitis picture develops with inflammation in the tissues, a swollen and painful joint picture occurs with the accumulation of non-invasive fluid in the joint. Protection of cartilage with “Healthy Joint Fluid” and regenerative activity of cartilage matrix are the most important considerations for OA.
Symptoms : The symptoms of osteoarthritis are progressive and progress over time. In the first stage, pain occurs after exercise and in connection with the exertion of the joint. With the progression of the disease, pain occurs only with movement and even at rest, so that the discomfort becomes more continuous. Another characteristic symptom of the disease is progressive weakening of joint function, which in the long term leads to loss of mobility. With the progression of the disease, weakness in the bones and muscles, contractures in the joints, deformations that aggravate the pain and envelop the joint may occur.